Difference between revisions of "Zhuori"

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(Orthography)
(Case)
 
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'''Zhuori''' is the language spoken by the upper class in a currently unnamed commission project by Elmer Johnson.
+
'''Zhuori''' is the language spoken by the upper class in a currently unnamed commission project by Elmer Johnsen.
 +
 
 +
[[File:Zho-ri.jpg]]
  
 
=Orthography=
 
=Orthography=
 +
Zhuori uses a regular abugida that uses diacritics for monophthongs, diphthongs, and gemination of consonants.
 +
 
[[File:Zhuori.jpg]]
 
[[File:Zhuori.jpg]]
  
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|
 
|
 
|
 
|
|l ‹L›
+
|ɬ ‹L›
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
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|EY
 
|EY
 
|-
 
|-
|
+
|
 
|OU
 
|OU
 
|-
 
|-
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!IPA
 
!IPA
 
!Orth.
 
!Orth.
 +
|-
 +
|ie
 +
|YE
 
|-
 
|-
 
|ia
 
|ia
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|YU
 
|YU
 
|-
 
|-
|ʉʊ
+
|ʉɔ
 
|UO
 
|UO
 +
|-
 +
|ʉa
 +
|UA
 
|}
 
|}
  
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Appropriate complex onsets (word-initial) include: ST, SR, SK, TR and KR.<br />
 
Appropriate complex onsets (word-initial) include: ST, SR, SK, TR and KR.<br />
 
Appropriate complex codas (word-final) include: ST, TS, RS, SK, KS, RT, and RK.
 
Appropriate complex codas (word-final) include: ST, TS, RS, SK, KS, RT, and RK.
 +
 +
=Grammar=
 +
==Nouns==
 +
Nouns are inflected by possessive person, case, number, and obviation.
 +
 +
===Possessive Person===
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:200px;"
 +
!1s
 +
|ii~
 +
|-
 +
!1p
 +
|ke~
 +
|-
 +
!2s
 +
|ri~
 +
|-
 +
!3s
 +
|ga~
 +
|-
 +
!3p/2p
 +
|me~
 +
|-
 +
!4s
 +
|u~
 +
|-
 +
!4p
 +
|uu~
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Case===
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:200px;"
 +
!Nominative
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
!Accusative
 +
|~ka
 +
|-
 +
!Dative
 +
|~da
 +
|-
 +
!Ablative
 +
|~ba
 +
|-
 +
!Locative
 +
|~lo
 +
|-
 +
!Instrumental
 +
|~ni
 +
|-
 +
!Translative
 +
|~ra
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Obviation/Number===
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:200px;"
 +
!
 +
!Singular
 +
!Plural
 +
|-
 +
!Proximal
 +
|~y
 +
|~ys
 +
|-
 +
!Obviative
 +
|~u
 +
|~um
 +
|}
 +
 +
==Verbs==
 +
Verbs are inflected by subject, direct object, tense, and mood.
 +
 +
===Subject===
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:200px;"
 +
!1s
 +
|ii~
 +
|-
 +
!1p
 +
|ke~
 +
|-
 +
!2s
 +
|ri~
 +
|-
 +
!3s
 +
|ga~
 +
|-
 +
!3p/2p
 +
|me~
 +
|-
 +
!4s
 +
|u~
 +
|-
 +
!4p
 +
|uu~
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Direct Object===
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:200px;"
 +
!1s
 +
|~y
 +
|-
 +
!1p
 +
|~ki
 +
|-
 +
!3s
 +
|~ge
 +
|-
 +
!3p
 +
|~my
 +
|-
 +
!4s
 +
|~u
 +
|-
 +
!4p
 +
|~thuu
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 +
====Person Hierarchy====
 +
Zhuori has the following person hierarchy:
 +
 +
'''2nd > 1st > 3rd proximal > 3rd obviative'''
 +
 +
A lower-ranking subject cannot take a higher-ranking object.  For this, an inverse suffix ''va'' exists that immediately precedes the direct object suffix.
 +
 +
===Tense===
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:200px;"
 +
!Past
 +
|nǫ~
 +
|-
 +
!Present
 +
|~is
 +
|-
 +
!Future
 +
|~isǫn
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Mood===
 +
 +
=Lexicon=
 +
==Numbers==
 +
[[File:ZhuoriNumbers.jpg]]
 +
 +
==Open Class==
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:200px;"
 +
!
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
 +
=Font and Keyboard Layout=
 +
http://www.geckat.conlang.org/conlang/index.php?title=Zhuori_(font_and_layout)

Latest revision as of 03:14, 23 October 2015

Zhuori is the language spoken by the upper class in a currently unnamed commission project by Elmer Johnsen.

Zho-ri.jpg

Orthography

Zhuori uses a regular abugida that uses diacritics for monophthongs, diphthongs, and gemination of consonants.

Zhuori.jpg

The nuclear vowel, or initial vowel in a diphthong of a syllable is located in the upper left. The off-glide or secondary vowel is in the bottom right.

In this chart, B is shown in its geminate form to show the diacritic for geminates.

Phonology

Consonants

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive Unvoiced p ‹P› t ‹T› k ‹K›
Voiced b ‹B› d ‹D› g ‹G›
Nasal m ‹M› n ‹N› ŋ ‹NG›
Fricative Unvoiced ɸ ‹F› θ ‹TH› s ‹S› ʃ ‹SH›
Voiced β ‹V› z ‹Z› ʒ ‹ZH›
Approximant r ‹R› j ‹J› h ‹H›
Lateral ɬ ‹L›

Vowels

Vowel length is phonemic.

Front Central Back
High i ‹I› · y ‹Y› ʉ ‹U› u ‹O›
Mid e ‹E› ə o ‹Ǫ›
Low a ‹A›

Diphthongs

Zhuori has many diphthongs, both rising and falling.

Rising:

IPA Orth.
AY
AU
EY
OU
UY

Falling:

IPA Orth.
ie YE
ia YA
YU
ʉɔ UO
ʉa UA

Phonotactics

Appropriate complex onsets (word-initial) include: ST, SR, SK, TR and KR.
Appropriate complex codas (word-final) include: ST, TS, RS, SK, KS, RT, and RK.

Grammar

Nouns

Nouns are inflected by possessive person, case, number, and obviation.

Possessive Person

1s ii~
1p ke~
2s ri~
3s ga~
3p/2p me~
4s u~
4p uu~

Case

Nominative
Accusative ~ka
Dative ~da
Ablative ~ba
Locative ~lo
Instrumental ~ni
Translative ~ra

Obviation/Number

Singular Plural
Proximal ~y ~ys
Obviative ~u ~um

Verbs

Verbs are inflected by subject, direct object, tense, and mood.

Subject

1s ii~
1p ke~
2s ri~
3s ga~
3p/2p me~
4s u~
4p uu~

Direct Object

1s ~y
1p ~ki
3s ~ge
3p ~my
4s ~u
4p ~thuu

Person Hierarchy

Zhuori has the following person hierarchy:

2nd > 1st > 3rd proximal > 3rd obviative

A lower-ranking subject cannot take a higher-ranking object. For this, an inverse suffix va exists that immediately precedes the direct object suffix.

Tense

Past nǫ~
Present ~is
Future ~isǫn

Mood

Lexicon

Numbers

ZhuoriNumbers.jpg

Open Class

Font and Keyboard Layout

http://www.geckat.conlang.org/conlang/index.php?title=Zhuori_(font_and_layout)